School Reform, Retention Policy, and Student Achievement Gains

April, 1995
Stuart Luppescu, Anthony S. Bryk, Paul Deabster, John Q. Easton, and Yeow M. Thum

Students who lag behind their classmates are sometimes retained in the same grade to give them a chance to "catch up." In 1987, the Chicago Public Schools discouraged teachers from retaining students in the same grade for another year. Using a propensity for retention measure, the authors were able to match students who were retained with those who were promoted. Promoted students show larger achievements gains (as measured by standardized tests) than those who are retained.

Publication Type: