Ending Social Promotion: The Effects of Retention

April, 2004
Jenny Nagaoka and Melissa Roderick
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This report and the companion report, Ending Social Promotion: Dropout Rates in Chicago After Implementation of the Eighth-Grade Promotion Gate, are the final two reports in the six-year ending social promotion series. This report describes the experiences of third- and sixth-grade students who did not meet Chicago Public Schools’ promotional test-score cutoffs and were retained in grade. Researchers examine how the practices resulting from the policy affected the retention experience and evaluate the impact of retention on students’ achievement growth and experiences in school. For a full analysis of the ending social promotion policy, please refer to our series of research studies.

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