The research agenda for 2016 through 2020 is organized into three broad areas, with specific areas of focus described in detail. The first of these is Rigor and Readiness, which includes research on the skills and knowledge that students need to be successful at each point along the educational continuum. The second area, Teachers and Leaders, describes research on school staff and their professional responsibilities. The final area is Schools as Organizations, which includes research on the organizational structure and community context of schools, and their impact on student achievement. Within each of these areas we have identified several strands of work that we would like to pursue over the next five years. The strands of work are not intended to describe specific research studies, but rather collectively represent broad areas of work in which a number of different types of studies could be initiated.